Live Nation Touts Record Earnings, Fueled by Skyrocking Ticket Prices Live Nation Touts Record Earnings, Fueled by Skyrocking Ticket Prices
Live Nation announced its financial results for both the fourth quarter and full year of 2021, and things are looking rosier than one might... Live Nation Touts Record Earnings, Fueled by Skyrocking Ticket Prices

Live Nation announced its financial results for both the fourth quarter and full year of 2021, and things are looking rosier than one might have expected for a company that saw a near-complete interruption of its business for the past two years. But the continued reopening trends for live events and a laser focus on raising ticket prices for consumers have things looking good for the California-based entertainment giant.

“The past two years have only reinforced the power of live music, and it’s been great to see artists and fans reconnecting at scale around the world,” says the release from the company announcing its financials, signed by CEO Michael Rapino. “Over the course of 2021, we saw the strength of live events. The year started in the midst of the pandemic, but by summer fans were returning to shows, and by the end of the year, we had a record pipeline of concerts, ticket sales and advertising commitments for 2022.”

According to the company, ticketing delivered its best quarterly results in company history in Q4, with opeating income up 118 percent, and transacted GTV up 20 percent compared with the same time frame in 2019 (and presumably far higher against 2020, when events were largely dormant and ticket sales had yet to pick back up pre-vaccine). Driving those numbers were a combination of factors, including the increased confidence in consumers looking to get back to live events in a post-pandemic fashion, and the enormous number of large-scale events taking place both in late 2021 and already on sale for 2022 during the reporting period.

Most significantly, the increasing use of so-called “platinum” tickets and other dynamic pricing strategies continued to drive revenue to new heights. “Platinum” tickets are simply regular tickets that are labeled as platinum and then sold at a substantially higher asking price than non-platinum tickets nearby, often many multiples in price higher than any published “face value” for the seats. Dynamic pricing operates in a similar fashion, except it ditches the concept of a face value or transparency via a label related to the primium pricing altogether, instead pushing prices higher when consumer demand is high, such as during the initial sale rush. These measures allow Ticketmaster and its clients (including its parent, Live Nation) to charge prices often far in excess of what the secondary market would see tickets go for, all while insisting consumers need to be forced into restrictive mobile-only technologies such as SafeTix dynamic barcodes in order to protect them from the abuses of the secondary market.

Looking to 2022, Rapino expressed an expectation that 2022 would bring more record-shattering numbers to come for the entertainment giant.

“The two year wait for artists and fans is over,” his remarks conclude. “Never have the tailwinds to our business been so strong, and I believe this is just the start of what will be the srtongest multi-year period ever for the concert industry.”

Read more about Live Nation Entertainment’s financials here.

After the optimistic report, Live Nation’s stock (NYSE: LYV) shot up by nearly 10 percent when the markets opened Thursday, briefly going above $125 per share and rivaling its all-time high numbers from November of 2021, after a similarly optimistic earnings report and just before its numbers took a tumble in the aftermath of the Astroworld tragedy and the flurry of lawsuits launched in its wake. As of Thursday afternoon, it is trading at over $123 per share.

Rapino is expected to participate in a hearing regarding its safety record and the Astroworld failures in front of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform at some point soon. The hearing and responses to questions from members of congress related to the tragedy had been initially scheduled for early January, but pushed back at Live Nation’s request. \

The full earnings release is included below:

2021 Highlights: All Divisions Back on Growth Trajectory

  • Full Year Operating Income Improved $1.2 billion and AOI Up $1.3 billion (vs 2020)
  • 35 Million Fans Attended Concerts; Average Per-Fan Revenue Up Double-Digits (vs 2019)
  • Ticketing Delivers Best Quarter Ever, with Huge Demand Driving Q4 Operating Income Up 118%, AOI Up 62%, and transacted GTV Up 20% (vs Q4 2019)
  • Sponsorship Q4 Operating Income Up 37% and AOI Up 39% (vs Q4 2019)

2022 Outlook: Strong Supply and Demand Point to Record Year Ahead

  • Event-Related Deferred Revenue of $2.3 billion—Almost Double Year-End 2019
  • Confirmed Show Bookings and Ticket Sales Up Double-Digits Across Major Venues
  • 45 Million Tickets Already Sold for 2022 Shows, with Pricing on Top 10 Tours Up Over 20% (vs 2019)
  • Sponsorship Commitments Up Double-Digits Relative to 2019, Already Over 80% Sold For Year

Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. (NYSE: LYV) today released financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2021.

The past two years have only reinforced the power of live music, and it’s been great to see artists and fans reconnecting at scale around the world.

Over the course of 2021, we saw the strength of live events.  The year started in the midst of the pandemic, but by summer fans were returning to shows, and by the end of the year, we had a record pipeline of concerts, ticket sales and advertising commitments for 2022.

Momentum continued in the fourth quarter

Restarting our concerts business in the second half of the year, we put on over 17 thousand concerts for 35 million fans in 2021, mainly in our U.S. and U.K. markets.  In the final five months of the year, in the U.S. and U.K., we had over 15 million fans attend our outdoor events – festivals, stadiums, and amphitheaters – nearly 25% higher than during the same period in 2019.

Through the ramp up, we saw demand driven price increases, particularly with platinum and other front of the house ticket pricing.  Fans continue to seek the best tickets, and the ongoing rapid growth of the secondary market indicates there’s more room to grow.

Fans on-site also continued spending more, with average per fan revenue up double-digits for the year relative to 2019 levels, across each of amphitheaters, festivals and theaters and clubs.

And as shows came back, so did the desire of brands to connect to our fans.  As a result, sponsorship and advertising operating income and AOI was roughly the same for the second half of 2021 as it was in 2019, which was a record level.  This interest came from a mix of expanding long-term relationships with brands like Bacardi, Heineken and O2, as well as adding new brand partners including Coinbase, Hulu and Cinch.

Our ticketing business had the dual benefit of strong ticket sales for events in 2021, while also being the first of our businesses to benefit from our 2022 pipeline.

Ticket sales were at a record pace across every metric with October, November and December being our top three months ever for ticketing gross transaction value, excluding refunded tickets.  And the fourth quarter and second half of the year also set records for a quarter and six-month periods.

At the same time, we continued to reorganize our business globally and improve our operations, establishing a more nimble and lower cost company.

Looking to 2022 and beyond

With the strength in ticket sales, not surprisingly, we are seeing every leading indicator for 2022 up relative to 2019, reinforcing our confidence that we will have a record year in 2022 that sets us up for growth over the next several years.

Helping accelerate our growth this year is the acquisition of OCESA, which gives us immediate scale in Mexico and establishes another path into the broader Latin American market.

Looking at the leading indicators, starting with confirmed show count through February, we are up 30% relative to 2019 across our large venue shows, for stadium, amphitheater, arena and festival events.

Then for concert ticket sales, through mid-February we have sold 45 million tickets for shows this year, up 45% from this point in 2019.  We already have eight artists who have sold over 500 thousand tickets for their tours this year, including Bad Bunny, Dua Lipa and Billie Eilish.

And fans are coming to the shows – our most recent data over the past month indicates no-show rates at our concerts in the U.S. are back to 2019 levels, eliminating any lingering questions on the resiliency of fan demand.

Along with our fan growth, we continue building the portfolio of venues we operate, now at 320 globally, as we net added 31 additional venues in 2021, approximately half of which came through the OCESA acquisition.

Building our venue portfolio enables us to more rapidly grow our show count and fan base in 2022, and over the next few years, and positions us to drive on-site spending more widely and provide additional assets to brand partners.

Our sponsorship and advertising pipeline is similarly setting up for a strong 2022, up double-digits through mid-February relative to 2019, with over 80% of our planned revenue for the year committed.

Taking this strong pipeline and combining it with our more efficient cost structure, I expect 2022 to deliver record financial performance overall and for each division.

The two year wait for artists and fans is over.  Never have the tailwinds to our business been so strong, and I believe this is just the start of what will be the strongest multi-year period ever for the concert industry.

Michael Rapino
President and Chief Executive Officer
Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

The company will webcast a teleconference today at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time to discuss its financial performance, operational matters and potentially other material developments. Interested parties should visit the “News / Events” section of the company’s website at investors.livenationentertainment.com to listen to the webcast. Supplemental statistical and financial information to be provided on the call, if any, will be posted to the “Financial Info” section of the website. A replay of the webcast will also be available on the Live Nation website.

Notice Regarding Financial Statements
The company has provided certain financial statements at the end of this press release for reference.  These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the full financial statements, and the notes thereto, set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission today and available on the SEC’s website at sec.gov.

About Live Nation Entertainment:
Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. (NYSE: LYV) is the world’s leading live entertainment company comprised of global market leaders: Ticketmaster, Live Nation Concerts, and Live Nation Media & Sponsorship. For additional information, visit investors.livenationentertainment.com.

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS – FOURTH QUARTER

(unaudited; $ in millions)

Q4 2021
Reported

Q4 2020
Reported

Growth

Q4 2021
Constant
Currency

Growth at
Constant
Currency

Revenue

Concerts

$    2,044.2

$       178.4

*

$    2,045.6

*

Ticketing

487.7

10.9

*

487.9

*

Sponsorship & Advertising

170.3

47.1

*

171.2

*

Other and Eliminations

1.0

0.9

*

1.0

*

$    2,703.2

$       237.3

*

$    2,705.7

*

Operating Income (Loss)

Concerts

$      (294.0)

$      (236.4)

(24%)

$      (296.2)

(25%)

Ticketing

132.9

(131.5)

*

132.2

*

Sponsorship & Advertising

100.5

4.1

*

101.0

*

Other and Eliminations

0.4

(0.4)

*

0.4

*

Corporate

(64.3)

(23.8)

*

(64.3)

*

$      (124.5)

$      (388.0)

68%

$      (126.9)

67%

Adjusted Operating Income (Loss)

Concerts

$      (122.3)

$      (166.7)

27%

$      (123.1)

26%

Ticketing

212.1

(73.7)

*

211.5

*

Sponsorship & Advertising

114.5

14.2

*

115.0

*

Other and Eliminations

(2.3)

(1.8)

*

(2.3)

*

Corporate

(41.7)

(16.3)

*

(41.7)

*

$       160.3

$      (244.3)

*

$       159.4

*

* percentages are not meaningful

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS – 12 MONTHS

(unaudited; $ in millions)

12 Months
2021
Reported

12 Months
2020
Reported

Growth

12 Months
2021
Constant
Currency

Growth at
Constant
Currency

Revenue

Concerts

$    4,722.2

$    1,468.4

*

$    4,688.3

*

Ticketing

1,134.3

188.4

*

1,127.3

*

Sponsorship & Advertising

411.9

203.7

*

408.8

*

Other and Eliminations

0.1

0.7

*

0.1

*

$    6,268.5

$    1,861.2

*

$    6,224.5

*

Operating Income (Loss)

Concerts

$      (618.5)

$      (959.0)

36%

$      (612.8)

36%

Ticketing

170.3

(612.0)

*

175.6

*

Sponsorship & Advertising

202.2

44.9

*

200.4

*

Other and Eliminations

0.2

(13.5)

*

0.2

*

Corporate

(172.1)

(113.6)

(51)%

(172.1)

(51)%

$      (417.9)

$   (1,653.2)

75%

$      (408.7)

75%

Adjusted Operating Income (Loss)

Concerts

$      (221.3)

$      (638.8)

65%

$      (219.8)

66%

Ticketing

420.5

(374.6)

*

421.7

*

Sponsorship & Advertising

242.2

81.9

*

240.4

*

Other and Eliminations

(6.9)

(13.5)

49%

(6.9)

49%

Corporate

(110.6)

(70.9)

(56)%

(110.6)

(56)%

$       323.9

$   (1,015.9)

*

$       324.8

*

* percentages are not meaningful

  • As of December 31, 2021, total cash and cash equivalents were $4.9 billion, which includes $1.3 billion in ticketing client cash and $1.5 billion in free cash. This free cash, along with $569.9 million of available debt capacity, gives the company $2.1 billion of available liquidity. The company believes this level of liquidity will provide it with the runway it needs as more shows returns.
  • Event-related deferred revenue was $2.3 billion as of December 31, 2021 compared to $1.5 billion as of December 31, 2020. In addition, the company had long-term deferred revenue of $73.2 million for events scheduled more than one year out as of December 31, 2021.
  • For the twelve months ended December 31, 2021, net cash provided by operating activities was $1.8 billion and free cash flow — adjusted was $(113.9) million.
  • The company currently expects capital expenditures for the full year to be approximately $375 million in 2022.

KEY OPERATING METRICS

(unaudited)

2021

2020

2019

(in thousands except estimated events)

Concerts (1)

Estimated events:

North America

12,004

5,270

28,407

International

5,230

2,847

11,830

Total estimated events

17,234

8,117

40,237

Estimated fans:

North America

26,331

6,075

62,687

International

8,728

5,067

34,967

Total estimated fans

35,059

11,142

97,654

Ticketing (2)

Estimated number of fee-bearing tickets

131,685

31,101

219,975

Estimated number of non-fee-bearing tickets

150,650

88,823

266,750

Total estimated tickets sold

282,335

119,924

486,725

(1)

Events generally represent a single performance by an artist. Fans generally represent the number of people who attend an event. Festivals are counted as one event in the quarter in which the festival begins, but the number of fans is based on the days the fans were present at the festival and thus can be reported across multiple quarters. Events and fan attendance metrics are estimated each quarter.

(2) 

The fee-bearing tickets estimated above include primary and secondary tickets that are sold using our Ticketmaster systems or that we issue through affiliates. This metric includes primary tickets sold during the period regardless of event timing, except for our own events where our concert promoters control ticketing which are reported when the events occur. The non-fee-bearing tickets estimated above include primary tickets sold using our Ticketmaster systems, through season seat packages and our venue clients’ box offices, along with tickets sold on our “do it yourself” platform. These ticketing metrics are net of any refunds requested and any cancellations that occurred during the period and up to the time of reporting of these consolidated financial statements. Fee-bearing tickets sold above are net of refunds of 21.0 million and 27.3 million tickets for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Reconciliation of Certain Non-GAAP Measures to Their Most Directly Comparable GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow  Adjusted to Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities

($ in millions)

Q4 2021

Q4 2020

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$                 755.9

$                (126.5)

Less: Changes in operating assets and liabilities (working capital)

(682.2)

(200.4)

Free cash flow from earnings

$                   73.7

$                (326.9)

Less: Maintenance capital expenditures

(30.9)

(9.1)

          Distributions to noncontrolling interests

(26.8)

(10.1)

Free cash flow — adjusted

$                   16.0

$                (346.1)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

$                (455.2)

$                     0.4

Net cash used in financing activities

$                  (51.0)

$                  (11.5)

($ in millions)

12 Months 2021

12 Months 2020

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$              1,780.6

$             (1,083.4)

Less: Changes in operating assets and liabilities (working capital)

(1,774.0)

(79.5)

Free cash flow from earnings

$                     6.6

$             (1,162.9)

Less: Maintenance capital expenditures

(68.1)

(65.1)

          Distributions to noncontrolling interests

(52.4)

(41.6)

Free cash flow — adjusted

$                (113.9)

$             (1,269.6)

Net cash used in investing activities

$                (567.0)

$                (224.1)

Net cash provided by financing activities

$              1,171.3

$              1,350.1

Reconciliation of Free Cash to Cash and Cash Equivalents

($ in millions)

December 31,
2021

Cash and cash equivalents

$           4,884.7

Client cash

(1,344.0)

Deferred revenue — event-related

(2,323.1)

Accrued artist fees

(26.2)

Collections on behalf of others

(83.4)

Prepaid expenses — event-related

381.4

Free cash

$           1,489.4

Forward-Looking Statements, Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Reconciliations:

Certain statements in this press release, including the Supplemental Information that follows, constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to statements regarding the company’s belief that the ongoing rapid growth of the secondary ticketing market indicates there are more opportunities in ticket pricing; the company’s confidence that it will have a record year in 2022, with record financial performance overall and for each division expected, setting the company up for growth over the next several years; the company’s pipeline of concerts, ticket sales and sponsorship and advertising commitments for 2022; the anticipated impact of the acquisition of OCESA on the company’s growth prospects; the company’s belief that building its venue portfolio enables it to more rapidly grow its show count and fan base in 2022, and over the next few years, and positions it to drive on-site spending while also providing additional assets to its brand partners; the company’s belief that the current period marks the start of what will be the strongest multi-year period ever for the concert industry; the company’s belief that its current level of liquidity will provide it with the runway it needs as more shows return; and the company’s current expectations for capital expenditures for 2022. Live Nation wishes to caution you that there are some known and unknown factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to operational challenges in achieving strategic objectives and executing on the company’s plans, the risk that the company’s markets do not evolve as anticipated, the potential impact of any economic slowdown and operational challenges associated with selling tickets and staging events.

Live Nation refers you to the documents it files from time to time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, specifically the section titled “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of the company’s most recent Annual Report filed on Form 10-K, and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and its Current Reports on Form 8-K, which contain and identify other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in the company’s projections or forward-looking statements. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date on which they are made. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements by or concerning Live Nation are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements above. Live Nation does not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements because of new information, future events or otherwise.

This press release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures as defined by SEC Regulation G. A reconciliation of each such measure to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, together with an explanation of why management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors, is provided herein.

Adjusted Operating Income (Loss), or AOI, is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as operating income (loss) before certain stock-based compensation expense, loss (gain) on disposal of operating assets, depreciation and amortization (including goodwill impairment), amortization of non-recoupable ticketing contract advances and acquisition expenses (including transaction costs, changes in the fair value of accrued acquisition-related contingent consideration obligations, and acquisition-related severance and compensation). We use AOI to evaluate the performance of our operating segments. We believe that information about AOI assists investors by allowing them to evaluate changes in the operating results of our portfolio of businesses separate from non-operational factors that affect net income (loss), thus providing insights into both operations and the other factors that affect reported results. AOI is not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP. A limitation of the use of AOI as a performance measure is that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain amortizing assets used in generating revenue in our business. Accordingly, AOI should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss), and other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, this measure may vary among other companies; thus, AOI as presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Constant Currency is a non-GAAP financial measure. We calculate currency impacts as the difference between current period activity translated using the current period’s currency exchange rates and the comparable prior period’s currency exchange rates. We present constant currency information to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying businesses performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations.

Free Cash Flow — Adjusted, or FCF, is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less changes in operating assets and liabilities, less maintenance capital expenditures, less distributions to noncontrolling interest partners. We use FCF among other measures, to evaluate the ability of operations to generate cash that is available for purposes other than maintenance capital expenditures. We believe that information about FCF provides investors with an important perspective on the cash available to service debt, make acquisitions, and for revenue generating capital expenditures. FCF is not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP. A limitation of the use of FCF as a performance measure is that it does not necessarily represent funds available for operations and is not necessarily a measure of our ability to fund our cash needs. Accordingly, FCF should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net cash provided by (used in) operating activities and other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, this measure may vary among other companies; thus, FCF as presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Free Cash is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as cash and cash equivalents less ticketing-related client funds, less event-related deferred revenue, less accrued expenses due to artists and cash collected on behalf of others, plus event-related prepaids. We use free cash as a proxy for how much cash we have available to, among other things, optionally repay debt balances, make acquisitions and fund revenue generating capital expenditures. Free cash is not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP. A limitation of the use of free cash as a performance measure is that it does not necessarily represent funds available from operations and it is not necessarily a measure of our ability to fund our cash needs. Accordingly, free cash should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, cash and cash equivalents and other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, this measure may vary among other companies; thus, free cash as presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Reconciliations of Certain Non-GAAP Measures to Their Most Directly Comparable GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

Reconciliation of Adjusted Operating Income (Loss) to Operating Income (Loss)

($ in millions)

Operating
income
(loss)

Stock-based
compensation
expense

Loss

(gain) on
disposal
of
operating
assets

Depreciation
and

amortization

Amortization of
non-
recoupable
ticketing
contract
advances

Acquisition
expenses

Adjusted
operating
income
(loss)
reported

Foreign
exchange
impact

Adjusted
operating
income
(loss)
constant
currency

Three Months Ended December 31, 2021

Concerts

$     (294.0)

$               81.8

$        (0.2)

$             62.6

$                     —

$           27.5

$    (122.3)

$        (0.8)

$    (123.1)

Ticketing

132.9

21.6

29.8

27.8

212.1

(0.6)

211.5

Sponsorship & Advertising

100.5

7.8

6.1

0.1

114.5

0.5

115.0

Other & Eliminations

0.4

(2.6)

(0.1)

(2.3)

(2.3)

Corporate

(64.3)

18.0

4.0

0.6

(41.7)

(41.7)

Total Live Nation

$     (124.5)

$             129.2

$        (0.2)

$           102.5

$                 25.2

$           28.1

$     160.3

$        (0.9)

$     159.4

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

Concerts

$     (236.4)

$                 2.4

$        (0.4)

$             63.9

$                     —

$             3.8

$    (166.7)

$           —

$    (166.7)

Ticketing

(131.5)

2.2

44.9

10.5

0.2

(73.7)

(73.7)

Sponsorship & Advertising

4.1

1.2

8.9

14.2

14.2

Other & Eliminations

(0.4)

(1.4)

(1.8)

(1.8)

Corporate

(23.8)

4.1

2.6

0.8

(16.3)

(16.3)

Total Live Nation

$     (388.0)

$                 9.9

$        (0.4)

$           120.3

$                   9.1

$             4.8

$    (244.3)

$           —

$    (244.3)

Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2021

Concerts

$      (618.5)

$            116.0

$        (1.2)

$           243.4

$                     —

$          39.0

$    (221.3)

$         1.5

$    (219.8)

Ticketing

170.3

33.8

(0.1)

133.2

81.6

1.7

420.5

1.2

421.7

Sponsorship & Advertising

202.2

12.1

27.9

242.2

(1.8)

240.4

Other & Eliminations

0.2

(0.1)

0.1

0.2

(7.2)

(0.1)

(6.9)

(6.9)

Corporate

(172.1)

47.5

11.6

2.4

(110.6)

(110.6)

Total Live Nation

$      (417.9)

$            209.3

$        (1.2)

$           416.3

$                 74.4

$          43.0

$     323.9

$         0.9

$     324.8

Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2020

Concerts

$      (959.0)

$              68.8

$         0.5

$           266.3

$                     —

$         (15.4)

$    (638.8)

$           —

$    (638.8)

Ticketing

(612.0)

13.4

169.9

54.7

(0.6)

(374.6)

(374.6)

Sponsorship & Advertising

44.9

6.4

30.6

81.9

81.9

Other & Eliminations

(13.5)

6.7

(6.7)

(13.5)

(13.5)

Corporate

(113.6)

28.3

11.5

2.9

(70.9)

(70.9)

Total Live Nation

$   (1,653.2)

$            116.9

$         0.5

$           485.0

$                 48.0

$         (13.1)

$ (1,015.9)

$           —

$ (1,015.9)

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

December 31,
2021

December 31,
2020

(in thousands, except share data)

ASSETS

Current assets

    Cash and cash equivalents

$       4,884,729

$       2,537,787

    Accounts receivable, less allowance of $50,491 and $72,904, respectively

1,066,573

486,734

    Prepaid expenses

654,894

577,130

    Restricted cash

3,063

8,652

    Other current assets

74,834

39,465

Total current assets

6,684,093

3,649,768

Property, plant and equipment, net

1,091,929

1,101,414

Operating lease assets

1,538,911

1,424,223

Intangible assets

    Definite-lived intangible assets, net

1,026,338

855,600

    Indefinite-lived intangible assets

369,028

369,058

Goodwill

2,590,869

2,129,203

Long-term advances

552,697

668,756

Other long-term assets

548,453

391,281

Total assets

$     14,402,318

$     10,589,303

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current liabilities

    Accounts payable, client accounts

$       1,532,345

$          744,096

    Accounts payable

110,623

86,356

    Accrued expenses

1,645,906

894,149

    Deferred revenue

2,774,792

1,839,323

    Current portion of long-term debt, net

585,254

53,415

    Current portion of operating lease liabilities

123,715

107,147

    Other current liabilities

83,087

72,083

Total current liabilities

6,855,722

3,796,569

Long-term debt, net

5,145,484

4,855,096

Long-term operating lease liabilities

1,606,064

1,445,674

Other long-term liabilities

431,581

353,267

Commitments and contingent liabilities

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

551,921

272,449

Stockholders’ equity

Preferred stock—Series A Junior Participating, $0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding                             

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 30,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding                              

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 450,000,000 shares authorized; 225,082,603 and 218,423,061 shares issued and 224,674,579 and 218,015,037 shares outstanding in 2021 and 2020, respectively

2,220

2,145

    Additional paid-in capital

2,897,695

2,386,790

    Accumulated deficit

(3,327,737)

(2,676,833)

    Cost of shares held in treasury

(6,865)

(6,865)

    Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(147,964)

(177,009)

Total Live Nation stockholders’ equity

(582,651)

(471,772)

Noncontrolling interests

394,197

338,020

Total equity

(188,454)

(133,752)

Total liabilities and equity

$     14,402,318

$     10,589,303

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Year Ended December 31,

2021

2020

2019

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Revenue

$        6,268,447

$        1,861,178

$      11,547,969

Operating expenses:

Direct operating expenses

4,355,989

1,402,400

8,467,182

Selling, general and administrative expenses

1,754,822

1,524,342

2,145,486

Depreciation and amortization

416,277

485,025

443,991

Loss (gain) on disposal of operating assets

(1,211)

503

(2,373)

Corporate expenses

160,428

102,100

168,839

Operating income (loss)

(417,858)

(1,653,192)

324,844

Interest expense

282,440

226,832

157,521

Interest income

(6,625)

(11,737)

(14,406)

Equity in losses (earnings) of nonconsolidated affiliates

(2,520)

5,458

(5,457)

Loss (gain) from sale of investments in nonconsolidated affiliates

(83,578)

1,727

(1,119)

Other expense (income), net

3,692

(18,807)

3,201

Income (loss) before income taxes

(611,267)

(1,856,665)

185,104

Income tax expense (benefit)

(2,481)

(28,875)

66,892

Net income (loss)

(608,786)

(1,827,790)

118,212

Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

42,118

(103,255)

48,323

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation

$          (650,904)

$       (1,724,535)

$              69,889

Basic and diluted net loss per common share available to common stockholders of Live Nation

$                 (3.09)

$                 (8.12)

$                 (0.02)

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

Basic and diluted

217,190,862

212,270,944

210,082,696

Reconciliation to net loss available to common stockholders of Live Nation:

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation

$          (650,904)

$       (1,724,535)

$              69,889

Accretion of redeemable noncontrolling interests

(19,771)

1,180

(74,771)

Basic and diluted net loss available to common stockholders of Live Nation

$          (670,675)

$       (1,723,355)

$               (4,882)

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Year Ended December 31,

2021

2020

2019

(in thousands)

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

Net income (loss)

$         (608,786)

$     (1,827,790)

$          118,212

Reconciling items:

Depreciation

222,840

245,713

220,459

Amortization

193,437

239,312

223,532

Amortization of non-recoupable ticketing contract advances

74,406

47,971

80,302

Deferred income tax benefit

(9,639)

(37,877)

(465)

Amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts

37,260

32,774

24,116

Provision for uncollectible accounts receivable

(17,826)

43,076

27,926

Non-cash compensation expense

209,337

116,889

48,785

Unrealized changes in fair value of contingent consideration

(6,732)

(24,448)

6,698

Equity in losses (earnings) of nonconsolidated affiliates, net of distributions

11,189

18,280

14,152

Loss (gain) on sale of investments in nonconsolidated affiliates

(83,578)

1,727

(1,119)

Other, net

(15,333)

(18,472)

(4,908)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and dispositions:

Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable

(485,211)

490,588

(159,792)

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other assets

95,533

141,631

(170,486)

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

1,315,722

(1,379,461)

(45,920)

Increase in deferred revenue

847,949

826,699

88,291

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

1,780,568

(1,083,388)

469,783

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

Advances of notes receivable

(28,899)

(56,957)

(50,035)

Collections of notes receivable

23,835

80,963

13,216

Investments made in nonconsolidated affiliates

(110,589)

(11,242)

(57,280)

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

(152,734)

(213,746)

(323,566)

Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(384,251)

(41,083)

(235,071)

Purchases of intangible assets

(7,100)

(8,863)

(42,261)

Proceeds from sale of investments in nonconsolidated affiliates

90,432

19,003

1,455

Other, net

2,344

7,863

2,542

Net cash used in investing activities

(566,962)

(224,062)

(691,000)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

Proceeds from long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs

903,827

1,607,365

937,400

Payments on long-term debt

(109,705)

(30,987)

(437,267)

Contributions from noncontrolling interests

22,026

5,418

14,285

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

(52,368)

(41,624)

(107,476)

Purchases and sales of noncontrolling interests, net

(9,638)

(106,242)

(50,267)

Proceeds from sale of common stock, net of issuance costs

449,630

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

30,618

30,647

14,104

Taxes paid for net share settlement of equity awards

(45,845)

(47,539)

(15,353)

Payments for deferred and contingent consideration

(17,319)

(66,992)

(26,537)

Other, net

106

36

Net cash provided by financing activities

1,171,332

1,350,082

328,889

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(43,585)

29,565

(11,633)

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

2,341,353

72,197

96,039

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

2,546,439

2,474,242

2,378,203

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$       4,887,792

$       2,546,439

$       2,474,242